or thanks to the human genome programme?


cure usually means restoration of complete health or to non-sick condition. if that’s what you meant then no cures were found for any disease thanks to molecular medicine. however, a great number number of drugs came from such a research that greatly help to alleviate the symptoms of those diseases. One example is Amgen’s drug called Enbrel, it is a genetically engineered molecule (protein) that blocks inflammatory reaction in an inflamed arthritic joint.

having said that, there are product of molecular research that are designed to kill tumor cells and in many cases completely eliminate all tumor cells, so one might say there are cures for some lymphomas thanks to molecular research. best example is being an antibody called Rituxan that kills many lymphomas.

human genome project hasn’t yet brought to fruition any drugs yet.

I just found out that when looking up Med schools to apply for in future years, I found out that there are two categories – Research and Primary Care. What’s the difference? Which one should I apply for if I want to be a doctor, or is either one okay? I’m confused.


Realistically, either one will get you to your MD. Research programs usually require you to participate in one of the research programs ongoing at the school as part of a graduation requirement (this is usually done during your summer breaks). In a Primary Care school the research is an option.

You’ll also find a difference in the instructors. My personal opinion is that I would hate to have a biochemistry instructor who was so engrossed in his field of research that he skewed his instruction, making it harder to pass his course and possibly not getting enough emphasis on the entire core class. While the Dean of Academic Medicine will usually keep an eye out that it doesn’t happen, I had instructors who made courses way harder than they needed to be just because of their own interests. (I took Genetics from a PhD who had mapped out two genomes–I felt like strangling the SOB).

If all you want is to treat patients, apply to a Primary Care school.

I’m doing a project on The Human Genome Project and i need to know some specific discoveries of the Human Genome Project or any other helpful information! Thanks(:


Completed in 2003, the Human Genome Project (HGP) was a 13-year project coordinated by the U.S. Department of Energy and the National Institutes of Health. During the early years of the HGP, the Wellcome Trust (U.K.) became a major partner; additional contributions came from Japan, France, Germany, China, and others. See our history page for more information.

Project goals were to

* identify all the approximately 20,000-25,000 genes in human DNA,
* determine the sequences of the 3 billion chemical base pairs that make up human DNA,
* store this information in databases,
* improve tools for data analysis,
* transfer related technologies to the private sector, and
* address the ethical, legal, and social issues (ELSI) that may arise from the project.

Though the HGP is finished, analyses of the data will continue for many years. Follow this ongoing research on our Milestones page. An important feature of the HGP project was the federal government’s long-standing dedication to the transfer of technology to the private sector. By licensing technologies to private companies and awarding grants for innovative research, the project catalyzed the multibillion-dollar U.S. biotechnology industry and fostered the development of new medical applications.

# A genome is all the DNA in an organism, including its genes. Genes carry information for making all the proteins required by all organisms. These proteins determine, among other things, how the organism looks, how well its body metabolizes food or fights infection, and sometimes even how it behaves.
# DNA is made up of four similar chemicals (called bases and abbreviated A, T, C, and G) that are repeated millions or billions of times throughout a genome. The human genome, for example, has 3 billion pairs of bases.
# The particular order of As, Ts, Cs, and Gs is extremely important. The order underlies all of life’s diversity, even dictating whether an organism is human or another species such as yeast, rice, or fruit fly, all of which have their own genomes and are themselves the focus of genome projects. Because all organisms are related through similarities in DNA sequences, insights gained from nonhuman genomes often lead to new knowledge about human biology.

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If you’ve ever learned regarding the spice called turmeric, the first thing which you’d probably believe is that it is used to make curry-centered dishes. While this plant is highly valued for its culinary use, its medicinal worth can also be excellent, especially when its roots are extracted to make a substance called curcumin. Before you buy turmeric supplement, there are some things you might need to take into account first.

The primary ingredient of any turmeric nutritional supplement is curcumin and it is a material which may help fight inflammation plus it even has antibacterial, antiviral, and anticancer properties. A whole lot of laboratory evaluations have been done in order to find the many advantages that turmeric must offer plus it has been shown to work against alzheimer disease, stomach ulcers, arthritis, and gallstones, amongst others.

The first thing you should search for before you get turmeric supplement is read the label and ascertain how much curcumin extract it really contains. Ideally, you desire the item to possess a higher per cent as feasible for maximum effectiveness. The truth is that, you will find merchandise with as much as 95% of curcumin which may become an effective antioxidant to fight cancer-causing free radicals.

Some product labels are manufactured confusing by manufacturers in an effort to lure customers into buying low quality products or cause confusion regarding its actual message. You should search to the dosage of the merchandise and assess how much milligrams of curcumin that is for every single capsule. For example, some merchandise may offer 1000mg of curcumin per helping, but you have to take 4 capsules for it.

If you need to buy turmeric supplement, it’s also important that it doesn’t include any filler which will lessen the portion of curcumin and bulk up the capsule. There should be no additives, no sweeteners, no preservatives, and no artificial coloring. Be cautious of those goods which have exaggerated claims about the efficacy of their product. If it’s too good to be correct, it probably is.

It’s necessary to notice that curcumin is not absorbed very efficiently into the bloodstream when it’s taken orally which is why some producers add an additive called piperine in order to accentuate curcumin absorption. The issue with piperine is that folks who are taking drugs may encounter some unwanted effects which could possibly threaten their wellness.

One other important consideration before you buy turmeric nutritional supplement is that it really must be manufactured with a certified organic producer. This producer should also be dedicated to superiority and quality within their manufacturing processes. Be sure to check whether the goods was certified by organizations such as GMP (Good Manufacturing Practices) and HACCP (Risks and Critical Control Points).

Overall, in case you want to minimize danger on your part, make sure to purchase turmeric nutritional supplement simply from a reputable manufacturing company. Ideally, you want to buy from one which has been in the business for quite some time and is well known for the top quality products they produce. Possible always do some investigation about a special product and check out critiques to help you make a better choice.

It is really a fact of life that individuals feel the aging process, but are you aware that nature offers up a solution to help slow-down its effects? This really is where the substance known as resveratrol has earned its status. This post aims to give you a bird’s eye view of the outstanding resveratrol health benefits and much more.

It was on rats a Canadian research team that did a study and the results show that supplementation with resveratrol fortifies the skeletal muscle in ways that is much like undergoing endurance training. The experiment further shows the rats all had an augmented stamina, cardiac function, and oxidative metabolism. Experts say this supplement can help promote weight reduction too.

There have also been lab tests indicating the prevention and treatment of certain cancers might be included in the record of resveratrol health benefits. This consists of cancers of the prostate and breast. The antioxidant works by repairing DNA cells and stopping them from acquiring their very own blood supply. People with erectile dysfunction may benefit from resveratrol’s blood vessel dilating properties.

Having a better cardio-vascular health may also be thrown in the mix of resveratrol health benefits. This is because it works to inhibit the formation of blood clots and arterial plaque, each of which may be considered a vital contributor to cardiovascular diseases such as heart attack and stroke. With resveratrol supplementation along with a wholesome lifestyle, finding a better cardiovascular health isn’t far off really.

With the support of routine consumption of resveratrol pills, you could also expect to get clearer eyesight. Resveratrol could function to tone down this procedure, while it is a fact the quality of our eyesight deteriorates as we age. It’s also helpful to manage the incidence of angiogenesis to ensure there won’t be any abnormal blood vessel growths and ultimately preventing any harm to a man’s vision.

Considering there are numerous resveratrol health benefits, the one which gets people very excited about is its anti-ageing properties. According to researchers, resveratrol works by activating the survival mechanism of the cell to extend the time it must fix broken DNA. This may also explain why experts consider that it can also be utilized to prevent Alzheimer’s illness, especially by protecting nerve cell injury.

With resveratrol supplementation, this difficulty might be corrected. Additionally there are experts who believe that this antioxidant can help individuals who are living an unhealthy lifestyle, although more evidence is still needed to support this claim.

You may even be surprised to understand that one of resveratrol health benefits is an increased mental operation mainly because of the way it gets the mind for more blood. This advantage may be tracked in the experiments performed on mice wherein the subjects all showed a better memory function and overall mental health. Wouldn’t that be something you need to get for yourself?

When you own a business that involves distribution of physical products in Singapore, it is vital that you work only with the best Singapore warehouse companies whose services suit your needs. The kind of warehouse you choose will matter greatly when it comes to the efficiency of your business. That is because your warehouse is more than just a facility for stashing away your goods. It is also where you will be dispersing your merchandise so it reaches your customers. Therefore, you must pay close attention when selecting which warehouse company to deal with.

Most businesses look at costs first and foremost when they choose Singapore warehouse companies to contract. While costs are indeed important, there are other factors that you must consider as well. The most important of these factors is the warehouse’s location and accessibility. Where your warehouse is located will influence the speed and efficiency by which you move your merchandise. Depending on your needs, your warehouse can be near your company headquarters, your client’s facilities, or where you dock your shipments. Not only that, your warehouse must be near a major roadway or railway.

In picking out Singapore warehouse companies, it would be to your best interests if you did an ocular inspection of their facilities. It cannot be emphasized enough how important it is that the warehouse you choose is squeaky clean and sanitary, especially if you distribute food products. Remember that the quality of your products is affected by the way it is stored. The warehouse you choose must also have adequate space for housing your goods.

The facilities of the Singapore warehouse companies you are going to do business with must be safe and secure. It should be fitted with a properly functioning security system, manned with qualified personnel. Access to the storage area must be limited with the use of electronic locks. There should also be ample fire extinguishers and a sprinkler system in place in case of fire. Additionally, the warehouse should be weather-proof and pest-proof.

Do not hire Singapore warehousing companies just because you like how their warehouses look, though. Sure, it is great that the warehouses you will be using are exactly what you needed. But before you sign any contracts, make sure that the warehouse service provider you will be working with is financially secure and enjoys a degree of respectability in the industry. If you partner with a company that is not fiscally liquid or has a reputation for bad practices, the company’s instability and ill-repute will taint your business too.

As mentioned earlier, how much these Singapore warehousing companies will charge you for their services is also important. It is definitely a must that you should get the best warehousing services that your capital can afford. However, you have to have a budget for this expense, and you must stick to this budget.

It is extremely vital that you select which warehousing service to work with in moving your products. Your decision will have a significant effect on the profitability of your enterprise. So, you must take good care in picking which Singapore warehouse companies to work with.

With regards to domain name registration, it can at times be complex making a decision amongst the great variety of domain registrars that are enticing you with irresistible promotions. It is no mystery that people today are searching for strategies to take advantage of low-cost domain registration services, however it must also pave the way for the prosperity of your enterprise. Supplying a fitting domain name for your internet site is where all of it commences. Your site can only be in existence in cyberspace if it possesses its own domain. No matter what domain name you opt to utilize should offer significantly for the financial success of your online business.

During the entire course of domain registration, you are able to book a position for your internet site in the world of the web. Considering that your domain stands out as the address of your website,you must meticulously think about an exceptional name for it. Keep in mind that it is your internet site’s domain name that everyone will keep in mind in coming across your website and it will also guarantee that your company will be considered seriously. You might want to formulate a collection of feasible domain names you can make use of since there will often be a chance that your primary preference may already be taken.

You will need to make sure that your elected domain name is something exceptional and it also must reflect the essence of your business. As with any other enterprise owner, you would want your internet site to enjoy as much publicity as possible and one of the best ways to make this to occur is making use of a keyword research tool to help you create keyword-rich domain names. your domain name keyword rich, ideally with the support. In case you would want your web page to be more visible to as many people as possible, you ought to make your domain name keyword rich and this can best be attained by using. In the event that you will use key phrases that are often searched for by internet users, chances are you’re gonna end up having higher search positions in the search results.

No matter which domain registrar you decide on for acquiring a domain for your web page, never forget to confirm if they are certified by the ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers). An additional way to measure the track record of a domain registrar is by visiting their website and making enquiries regarding the professional services they provide and general company facts. There are actually the majority of domain name registration professional services available for just a small rate of $10, but bear in mind that a lot of registrations last just for 12 months and you need to renew it to prevent it from expiring.

Have you contemplated doing business as a Singapore food photographer? You need to in case you have excellent talent with a digital camera and a talent for making meals appear sexy. Singapore is a food lover’s leisure home, a destination where you can get the special dishes of the world given a special and delicious twist. Travelers frequently anticipate their palate tickled in a special way when visiting Singapore.

To maximize the circumstance, a typical restaurant proprietor in Singapore will use a food photographer on retainer to create stunning menus and tools for advertising their establishment. Recipe authors in Singapore will routinely hire photographers to furnish conceptual accompaniments to their recipes. Food critics and chroniclers will frequently have a demand for the know-how of a food photographer to compliment their work with conceptual artwork. And then, you might come across the thought of working as a food photographer in Singapore to be a thrilling experience.

To grab jobs as a Singapore food photographer, you should hone your digital photography proficiency. One technique this can be achieved is by self-studying with the aid of publications on digital photography or sources you can get on the Internet. If self-study isn’t your specialty, you can come across and sign up for a digital photography course. Clearly, you also ought to possess your very own digital camera. What is a photographer without a digital camera? You don’t possess to get a pricey, full-featured digital camera. Providing you find the camera easy to use and can capture hi-res pictures, it will do just fine.

Having a sharp sight for detail is also among the most important characteristics of a Singapore food photographer to be more adept in his profession. Your images are supposed to express a message by itself and this is true regardless of your expertise in digital photography. Should you want to end up getting mouth-watering pictures of food, you’re going to need to utilize your scientific and creative sides.

Once you’ve strung your shingle as a Singapore food photographer, how do you attempt locating employment? You can tap family and friends to guide you get the word out regarding your employment. The most reliable technique to advertise is still by person to person. An online research can also yield some excellent jobs. You might need to put some hard work into sifting campaigns, but outsourcing internet sites and websites like Craigslist can present you with some terrific project prospects.

You can additionally use the Internet for advertising campaigns. You can set up a pretty and user-friendly website to emphasize your food photography portfolio and market your Singapore food photographer services. When you’re creating your web page for your portfolio, you should be sure that the computer resources your website consumes is minimal. Even if your over the internet portfolio is the most exquisite one ever created, your efforts will only come to rubbish if users can’t view it because it takes considerable time to load.

Yet another method you can utilize to find gigs is by sharing your photographs on Facebook; at image-sharing websites such as Pinterest, Instagram and Flickr; and at stock image repositories like MorgueFile and stock.xchng. You can also generate a source of income by marketing your food images at Dreamstime, iStockphoto, Shutterstock and other royalty-free stock-image sites. These sites will not only aid you promote your work online. They’re also good ways for building up some residual income.

If you’re ingenious and smart enough, you will not find getting gigs as a food photographer in Singapore to be challenging. There will often be a requirement for a food photographer who is familiar with their job. Thus, when you think you’ve got what it requires to compose beautiful photos of food, you must think seriously with regards to commencing as a Singapore food photographer today.

In the event you work within the healthcare industry, it may well help you a great deal if you go after ultrasound tech training. It should actually be helpful to you, no matter whether you’re just at the start of your career or have been engaging it for a while now. Sufficient schooling for dealing with ultrasound equipment will certainly make your resume appear prettier. Moreover, the schooling will improve your deemed value in the place of work and enable you to get better remuneration plans than what you’ve got currently.

It is crucial that you are informed, though, that obtaining ultrasound tech training is not as effortless as it may sound. Handling a sonogram is a lot more elaborate than pushing the power switch on the machine, making certain that the camera is working, touching the imaging equipment on the individual’s body, and then acquiring the required photograph. You have got to be aware of safety guidelines with regards to utilizing sonograms. You have to have knowledge of the parts of the patients’ body that sonograms could capture photos of.

Above all, you will acquire the capacity to render the ultrasound far less uncomfortable for the affected individual if you’ve got the right ultra sound tech programs. You probably understand this – it’s not unusual for a individual to glimpse with dread at imaging equipment used on susceptible regions of their body by total unknown people. The expertise of the way to clarify the method properly to these patients should help a whole lot in driving their fear of the sonogram away, thus making your task much easier to carry out.

What should you accomplish so you can commence with your ultrasound tech training? First, you have to find the most suitable academic institution to study at. The reality that the college or university features ultrasound tech courses ought not to be adequate to fulfill your requirements. The training center should have the authorization to provide those curriculums. The quantity of enrollees effectively getting their accreditation from the training center ought to be continuously high.

There’s much more to working with sonograms than knowing how they work and how to run them, so your courses ought to be more than just that. Your training programmes should also consist of subjects like chemistry, physics, anatomy, physiology, radiology, mathematics, and a whole range of others. Your learning should take you outside classrooms and laboratories as well. Your training center also needs to push you into having internships and engaging in fieldwork so that you can collect actual experience with making use of sonograms. Experience remains the ideal teacher – it’s a reality no individual will question.

There are likewise a handful of choices open to you for concluding your classwork. If you wish to penetrate the marketplace as soon as you can, finishing a diploma program or an associate degree would assist you. With a diploma or associate degree, you may penetrate the lower steps of the corporate ladder in this industry. If you wish to boost your occupation much more quickly, though, you have to choose a bachelor’s degree instead. But you could get it up later if you can’t wait around to get appointed.

You also have two options open to you with the kind of training programmes in becoming an ultrasound tech that you may take. You should become a full-time pupil if you’re a fresh high school graduate devoid of stress to locate work soon or if you’re someone who can take a leave from work. You’ll be more centered with schoolwork, with your weekdays devoted going to lessons on campus and focusing on your projects. If you cannot go on a sabbatical to return to school, though, your alternative is taking classes on the web. You may conveniently fit your online courses into your calendar no matter how full it is.

If you would like far better work opportunities in the healthcare field to open up to you, you should look at becoming a fully certified ultrasound technician. Once you’ve completed your ultrasound tech training from one of the recommended schools available, it would be easier for you to find rewarding employment openings at medical facilities in search for a qualified ultrasound technician.

What are two technologies that have been developed for genetic research or treatment of genetic disease?


fetal-stem-cell transplant treatment for severe combined immunodeficiency disease (SCID) syndrome is an example of a treatment, you could easily write about the study of the Human Genome Project and how it has led to a bigger understanding and potential advancement of genetic research